The Complete Guide on Myopia Management and its Benefits

The Complete Guide on Myopia Management and its Benefits

Myopia Management by Rosley Eyecare & Associates in Glenview, IL

Myopia, or nearsightedness, affects many children and young adults, leading to blurred vision over distances. Effectively managing this condition not only improves vision but also contributes to long-term eye health. At Rosley Eyecare in Glenview, IL, specialists offer Myopia Management—a series of personalized treatments designed to slow or even halt the progression of myopia. We will examine how these techniques work, discuss their safety and effectiveness, and outline the benefits of early and proactive management of myopia. 

Myopia Management Overview

Myopia management is a specialized field aimed at slowing or halting the progression of myopia (nearsightedness) in children and young adults. This approach is essential because it targets the root causes of myopia rather than just correcting the symptoms. By managing myopia effectively, we can reduce the risk of future eye health issues like retinal detachment or glaucoma, which are more common as myopia progresses.

The strategies include treatments such as Orthokeratology (Ortho-K), MiSight contact lenses, and Atropine eye drops, each designed to control the elongation of the eyeball that characterizes progressive myopia. These treatments are customized based on the individual’s specific needs and the severity of their condition, ensuring a targeted approach to managing their vision.

Best Treatment for Myopia

Each technique offers a distinct approach to managing myopia and requires careful consideration and customization by eye care professionals to suit the patient’s specific situation. Regular monitoring and adjustments ensure the effectiveness of the chosen method and maintain the patient’s comfort and eye health. These preventive methods can significantly improve a child’s quality of life by providing a clearer vision and reducing the risks of high myopia later in life.

1. Orthokeratology (Ortho-K):

  • Description: Orthokeratology involves using specially designed, rigid, gas-permeable contact lenses that the patient wears overnight. These lenses temporarily reshape the cornea, the eye’s front surface, to correct refractive errors and reduce the need for glasses or contact lenses during the day.
  • Mechanism: By flattening the cornea, Ortho-K lenses help focus light directly onto the retina rather than in front of it, which is the typical error seen in myopic eyes. This not only corrects vision temporarily but also has been found to slow myopia progression in children.
  • Considerations: This method requires consistent overnight wear and regular follow-ups with an eye care professional to monitor eye health and the effectiveness of the treatment.

2. MiSight Contact Lenses:

  • Description: MiSight 1-day contact lenses are soft contacts worn during the day. They are specifically designed for children and approved for the correction of myopia.
  • Mechanism: These lenses have a dual-focus design that corrects vision by focusing light on the retina while also using concentric peripheral focus zones to slow the elongation of the eyeball—a key factor in myopia progression.
  • Considerations: MiSight lenses are daily disposables, which enhance hygiene and convenience, important factors for usage in children.

3. Atropine Eye Drops:

  • Description: Atropine eye drops are a pharmacological treatment for managing myopia. They are typically administered as a low-dose nightly eye drop.
  • Mechanism: The exact mechanism by which atropine controls myopia is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve the inhibition of muscarinic receptors in the eye, which might influence eye growth. The treatment is thought to slow down the rate at which the eye lengthens, directly impacting myopia progression.
  • Considerations: Atropine is generally well-tolerated. However, it can sometimes cause light sensitivity and blurred near vision, necessitating the use of sunglasses and possibly reading glasses during treatment.

Benefits of Myopia Management

Myopia management in children and adults offers a range of benefits that extend beyond simply correcting nearsightedness. Here are some of the key advantages:

  1. Slows or Halts Myopia Progression: Managing myopia effectively can significantly slow down or even stop the worsening of nearsightedness, reducing the need for stronger prescription lenses as the child grows.
  2. Reduces the Risk of Future Eye Health Problems: By controlling the progression of myopia, the likelihood of developing severe myopic complications such as retinal detachment, glaucoma, and myopic maculopathy in later life is markedly reduced.
  3. Provides Personalized Treatment Plans: Myopia management is tailored to each individual’s specific needs, taking into account the degree of myopia and the rate of progression, thereby maximizing the effectiveness of the treatment.
  4. Offers Non-Invasive and Safe Treatment Options: Techniques like Ortho-K, MiSight lenses, and atropine drops provide non-surgical methods to manage myopia, which are generally considered safe for children and young adults.
  5. Enhances Quality of Life Through Improved Vision: Better managed myopia means clearer vision without needing corrective eyewear, facilitating everyday activities like reading and sports.
  6. Utilizes Advanced Technologies: Myopia management employs the latest advancements in optical and pharmacological technologies, ensuring state-of-the-art care.
  7. Supports Academic and Personal Growth: Clearer vision without the constant need for adjustments in prescription glasses or contact lenses can help improve academic performance and social interactions, crucial aspects of a child’s development.
  8. Encourages Early Intervention for Lasting Results: Starting myopia management early can lead to more effective control of the condition, providing long-term benefits and stabilizing vision from a young age.
  9. Professional Care and Guidance from Eye Care Experts: Regular monitoring by eye care professionals ensures that the treatment remains effective and adjustments are made as needed, providing peace of mind for parents and patients.
  10. Regular Monitoring and Adjustments for Optimal Results: Continuous oversight allows for timely tweaks in the management plan, ensuring that the patient receives the most benefit from the treatment throughout their developmental years.

Safety and Effectiveness

The safety of myopia management techniques like Orthokeratology, MiSight contact lenses, and atropine eye drops is well-established. Ortho-K, for instance, involves using specially designed rigid lenses that temporarily reshape the cornea overnight. While any contact lens use carries a risk of infection, following proper hygiene and care protocols significantly reduces such risks. Additionally, these lenses are only worn at night, minimizing the potential for complications that might arise from prolonged wear during the day.

MiSight contact lenses, approved for pediatric use, are daily disposables, greatly reducing the risk of infections associated with longer-wear lenses. They are made from comfortable and safe materials for full-day use, designed specifically to address the unique needs of growing children’s eyes.

Atropine eye drops, used in low doses, have shown a favorable safety profile. The side effects, such as increased light sensitivity and difficulty focusing on near objects, are generally mild and can be managed with additional protective eyewear or bifocals. These minor side effects are considered acceptable, given the significant benefits of slowing myopia progression.

Numerous studies support the effectiveness of these treatments, demonstrating a significant reduction in the progression of myopia compared to untreated individuals. For instance, Ortho-K has been shown to slow myopia progression by up to 50% in some cases. Similarly, MiSight lenses have demonstrated the ability to slow myopia progression in children, providing an effective, non-invasive option.


If you’re concerned about myopia in your child or young adult, now is the time to take action. Dr. Magdalena Bak is your trusted expert in myopia Management in Glenview, IL. Contact us for your consultation today to learn how our personalized treatment plans and eye products can help manage and potentially halt myopia progression, ensuring better vision and eye health for the future. Don’t wait—give your child the gift of clearer vision and improved eye health.

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